.com.unity Forums
  The Official e-Store of Shrapnel Games

This Month's Specials

The Star & the Crescent- Save $8.00
winSPWW2- Save $5.00

   







Go Back   .com.unity Forums > Illwinter Game Design > Dominions 3: The Awakening

Reply
 
Thread Tools Display Modes
  #251  
Old March 9th, 2010, 11:04 AM
Humakty's Avatar

Humakty Humakty is offline
Second Lieutenant
 
Join Date: Jul 2007
Location: country of stinky fromages
Posts: 564
Thanks: 29
Thanked 15 Times in 13 Posts
Humakty is on a distinguished road
Default Re: Crossbows vs. Longbows

Guys, you're getting me wrong, I'm not a crossbow (or longbow) proponent, I was just referring to the Holy Rules of Armor Penetration. My country fielded both in good quantity, and seem to have been satisified by this compromise.
__________________
10 times more numerous, by nigth and backstabbing.

Senior member of the GLIN !
Reply With Quote
  #252  
Old March 9th, 2010, 02:37 PM

chrispedersen chrispedersen is offline
BANNED USER
 
Join Date: May 2004
Posts: 4,075
Thanks: 203
Thanked 121 Times in 91 Posts
chrispedersen is on a distinguished road
Default Re: Crossbows vs. Longbows

Quote:
Originally Posted by Lingchih View Post
This leads to the question of artillery. Why are there no scorpions (heavy, long range crossbow), or other heavy artillery in the game?

God, I can't believe I just added to this thread again.
Yeah, I started a mod for siege units. Gave up when I ran into art. = )
Reply With Quote
  #253  
Old March 9th, 2010, 06:12 PM

13lackGu4rd 13lackGu4rd is offline
First Lieutenant
 
Join Date: Jan 2010
Posts: 712
Thanks: 5
Thanked 40 Times in 32 Posts
13lackGu4rd is on a distinguished road
Default Re: Crossbows vs. Longbows

I think siege units just don't fit into dominions, seeing how huge a part magic has in here. magic *is* in fact the "artillery", as in "artillery support", "artillery spells", etc.
Reply With Quote
  #254  
Old March 9th, 2010, 10:11 PM

Maerlande Maerlande is offline
BANNED USER
 
Join Date: Dec 2007
Location: Alberta, Canada
Posts: 518
Thanks: 26
Thanked 53 Times in 29 Posts
Maerlande is on a distinguished road
Default Re: Crossbows vs. Longbows

LingChih! I can't believe either! You fool you
Reply With Quote
  #255  
Old March 10th, 2010, 05:58 AM

Sombre Sombre is offline
BANNED USER
 
Join Date: Feb 2007
Posts: 5,463
Thanks: 165
Thanked 324 Times in 190 Posts
Sombre is on a distinguished road
Default Re: Crossbows vs. Longbows

LOL at the CLOTbow fanbois.
Reply With Quote
  #256  
Old March 10th, 2010, 08:05 AM
Fantomen's Avatar

Fantomen Fantomen is offline
Major
 
Join Date: Feb 2009
Location: Me a viking
Posts: 1,012
Thanks: 78
Thanked 122 Times in 73 Posts
Fantomen is on a distinguished road
Default Re: Crossbows vs. Longbows

I made a small traditionally crafted flatbow for my son last summer. I was amazed at the power you get out of it, shoots really far. I thought the smaller size would make it fairly harmless, but I had to limit the useage because it got too dangerous. If those are what markata uses I think they're underpowered.

Now I'm working on a fullsized one for myself, really looking forward to trying it out.
Reply With Quote
  #257  
Old March 11th, 2010, 01:52 PM
Wrana's Avatar

Wrana Wrana is offline
Major
 
Join Date: Mar 2008
Location: Moscow, Russia
Posts: 1,045
Thanks: 177
Thanked 23 Times in 21 Posts
Wrana is on a distinguished road
Default Re: Crossbows vs. Longbows

Quote:
Originally Posted by Fantomen View Post
I made a small traditionally crafted flatbow for my son last summer. I was amazed at the power you get out of it, shoots really far. I thought the smaller size would make it fairly harmless, but I had to limit the useage because it got too dangerous. If those are what markata uses I think they're underpowered.

Now I'm working on a fullsized one for myself, really looking forward to trying it out.
Well, be careful. My friend once shoot clean through a refrigerator unit with a bow made for re-enactment...
As for ballistae/artillery units - they are quite possible and I'm including them in my WarHammer project. An art is, of course, a beast. But yes, in a base game it's considered there are no light field pieces and heavy ones aren't really transportable - which was the case for most parts of history.
Reply With Quote
  #258  
Old March 15th, 2010, 10:08 AM

Dhaeron Dhaeron is offline
Private
 
Join Date: Jun 2009
Posts: 2
Thanks: 0
Thanked 0 Times in 0 Posts
Dhaeron is on a distinguished road
Default Re: Crossbows vs. Longbows

Wee! Can't resist keeping this thread alive. (And it was about time to finally post something here after lurking for years)

I've been doing archery as a hobby for while a while so i hope i'm somewhat knowledgeable about the subject.
The big problem with using a strong bow is not so much aiming (which works very well) or learning how to use it, but to build up the muscles needed to use it. Despite the claims of many computer and PnP RPGs (whose creators probably never touched a bow in their lives) using a bow repeatedly requires significant muscle mass and enormous stamina. Shooting a 100lb bow is pretty much like lifting 100lb barbells, with one arm, repeatedly. And Under battlefield conditions the proverb was: Accuracy is nice, but go for volume. Shooting ten or more arrows a minute was desirable. But go ahead and try that with a bucket of water and see how often you manage until it feels like your arm falls off.
It takes months, or even years of training to build up the kind of stamina needed to keep shooting for more than a very short time. Shooting with a reasonable degree of accuracy can be learned in a few days though.

A crossbow on the other hand can be used by anyone, anytime.

Another fun fact is that medieval and ancient crossbows (the greeks already used them) reached mostly the same projectile velocity as bows, mostly because that's limited more by the materials available for the arrows & bolts, than by the materials available for the bows & crossbows. A big part of why compound bows can have stronger pull is that they increase acceleration over time, putting less strain on the arrow.
Since crossbow bolts are shorter than arrows, they were generally lighter in medieval times, making them overall perform worse.
With modern materials crossbows can easily outperform bows, and it can be possible with medieval materials as well, but people didn't have the knowledge of physics back then to design them that way.
Reply With Quote
  #259  
Old March 20th, 2010, 03:22 PM

Maerlande Maerlande is offline
BANNED USER
 
Join Date: Dec 2007
Location: Alberta, Canada
Posts: 518
Thanks: 26
Thanked 53 Times in 29 Posts
Maerlande is on a distinguished road
Default Re: Crossbows vs. Longbows

Dhaeron,

Welcome to the conversation. The primary point of bumping this thread is to remind Lingchih that he can never live down starting it.

But I have some rebuttals for you

Quote:
The big problem with using a strong bow is not so much aiming (which works very well) or learning how to use it, but to build up the muscles needed to use it.
I don't agree with this. I shoot archery maybe 10 times a year. And I shoot a 55 lb recurve bow. It was my first bow and I've had it for 25 years. I can't shoot all day, but I can easily shoot 40 arrows which is a pretty big bunch for any quiver. And I'm a desk jockey. So it's not like I work out regularly or do anything in particular to pump my strength. I am strong and big, but it's all just native ability.

If I was a peasant forking hay onto wagons I would easily be able to shoot a 100 lb bow. Forking hay onto wagons is an over the head move. Also using a scythe builds massive arm and shoulder muscles. I used to be able to place a 60 lb hay bale onto a wagon above my head using a fork. A fork of hay is not light. Do that all day and you'd find drawing a big bow easy.

We all tend to forget that medieval peasants worked all day at hard physical labour. It's unrealistic to compare them to modern couch potatoes.

The mongols shot 150lb composite bows from horseback.

Quote:
Another fun fact is that medieval and ancient crossbows (the greeks already used them) reached mostly the same projectile velocity as bows, mostly because that's limited more by the materials available for the arrows & bolts, than by the materials available for the bows & crossbows
This is incorrect. The physics of the problem are reasonably simple. It's conservation of energy. The archer puts the integral of force times draw into the bow as energy (or the work done by the archer). If we want a simple calculation, using 100 lbs force for 28 inches (assuming a straight line force curve from zero to 100 lb on a longbow) the energy put into the missile is exactly 159 J or 0.15 BTU. I have converted to SI for the calculations.

Assuming 100% efficiency the missile when fired will have exactly 159 J of energy since energy is conserved. This does not account for energy lost as heat and sound in the string and bow but will be good enough for our calculation. The kinetic energy of the missile is then mass time velocity squared. I found some modern replica arrow heads online that mass about 2 oz each. Add that to the mass of a 1/4" diameter by 36" long cedar arrow (the material I use) we get a total mass of 0.54 oz. The velocity of the arrow is then 333 ft per second.

Let's now try this with a simple goat's foot type crossbow with perhaps a draw of 200 lbs. The draw length of a goat's foot crossbow is about 12 inches. Assuming the same type of force curve we get a input energy of. If the bolt is made of cedar as well with a similar point, it's mass is now 0.27 oz. The bolt velocity is 436 feet per second.

So basically, the velocity of a missile fired from any type of bow is a function of the input energy and mass of the missile. There is no direct comparison possible between crossbows and bows. It's all variable.

This is also why the material of the bow is irrelevant to the discussion. For what it matters, the bow could be made of adamantium or kevlar. The input energy doesn't change since it comes from the human archer. And a human archer has a very strict limit on the energy available. Crossbows can put potentially more energy into the missile because they over come the limits of human power by mechanical leverage. The trade off is loading time.

Of course, someone will argue that the bolt could be made of steel. And it could but then carrying them would be difficult. If we change the bolt shaft to steel the bolts weigh 4 oz each and then 40 bolts would weigh 10 lbs. Pretty heavy but I suppose not impossible. The worst problem is that the velocity drops to 113 feet per second which is so slow that you could simply step out of the way and the ballistics are such that range would deteriorate.

Summary

It is a standard rule of thermodynamic analysis in energy conversion that finding the output from a certain input you do not require to know anything about the internal workings of the energy conversion machine. A simple efficiency rating (to account for losses) is adequate. In the case of bows, they convert human force and distance into kinetic energy. On this basis, the materials, shape, construction, etc are irrelevant. All that matters is the input energy and the efficiency of conversion.

As far as output energy, a crossbow simply does one thing. It increases the energy input by allowing more time for the human to apply the energy. Whether it's simply a goat's foot, windlass or lever action, the job of a crossbow is to mechanically leverage the force of a human. And it takes more time to do so.

I can keep going, but let's see if anyone has the knowledge to try to refute my facts. So far, 80% of this discussion is simply annecdotes and opinion. It's very shy on fact.

For anyone interested, I can share my calculation pages by irc or here.
Reply With Quote
  #260  
Old March 20th, 2010, 05:11 PM

Illuminated One Illuminated One is offline
First Lieutenant
 
Join Date: Oct 2008
Location: In Ulm und um Ulm herum
Posts: 787
Thanks: 133
Thanked 78 Times in 46 Posts
Illuminated One is on a distinguished road
Default Re: Crossbows vs. Longbows

Well, firstly of course the material matters. That's why noone built bows from stone or ice.
Of course if you are saying when I have a bow made from material x that shoots an arrow weighting y with the speed z and another bow from material q that does exactly the same thing with the same arrow than yes, the material matters not (ignoring all other things that might be important for a soldier like weight or ruggedness), then yeah, but that's a truism.

And it is not quite as simple as (energy put in)*(effeciency) = 1/2 (mass of projectile)*(speed of projectile)².
You'll have a maximum velocity that you can archieve, as that's the maximum velocity with that the bow snaps back into shape. This is dependent on material and bow shape and weight but bugger me if I can provide a formula. (Still, it's easy enough to verify: you can't throw a table tennis ball faster than a golf ball because your arm is at full speed then already).
You'll still put in the same amount of energy into the bow but that isn't imparted on the arrow but on the bow.
Reply With Quote
Reply

Bookmarks

Thread Tools
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is On

Forum Jump


All times are GMT -4. The time now is 10:44 AM.


Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.1
Copyright ©2000 - 2020, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.
Copyright ©1999 - 2020, Shrapnel Games, Inc. - All Rights Reserved.